He changed the voting laws and packed the third Duma with conservative politicians. (c) The banks to be nationalized. Answer: Russia was an autocracy. The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. Answer: Download these NCERT solutions for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. (b) Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. Provincial Government to run the country. So. Nicholas I, had no sympathy for western liberalism and crushed revolts at home and also in Poland. All the means of production were brought under state control. The following were the significant changes in the Soviet Union after the death of Lenin. By 1916 railway lines began to break down. Though industrialisation was rapid the demand for industrial goods was low . Answer: The Tsarist empire was transformed into a new state known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the Soviet Union. This lead to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France. Louis Banc wanted the government to encourage cooperatives and replace the capitalist enterprises. All these factors led to the rise of revolution and the collapse of Tsar autocracy. Answer: Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people. What was the impact of the Russian Revolution on Russia ? They wanted changes for the better, but wanted the changes to take place slowly, giving due respect to the past . (b) Land to be transferred to the peasants A procession of thousands of peaceful workers along with their wives and children went to the palace of Tsar to show their anger and present a petition on Sunday, 9 January, 1905. How did the Bolshevik Party contribute to the Russian Revolution of October 1917 ? He also cancelled arrears of land payments by the peasants. Answer: Answer: With the help of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Chapter 2, students can do well in the exam. The war weary Russian soldiers could hardly make any progress on the war front. The situation discredited the government and the Tsar. The chapter talks about how the notions of dressing changed over the course of time. What made the Czarist government bow to the demands of the common man? The vast majority of Russia’s population were agriculturists. Answer Indo-China comprises the modern countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. With the growth of industrial and agricultural production, poverty started disappearing and the country moved on to the path of prosperity. What was the cause for the French Revolution? What were the significant changes in the Soviet Union after the death of Lenin ? (a) Labour Party in Britain Very Short Answer Type Questions. The solutions for chapter 2 of India and the Contemporary World-I are given below. (b) As the war continued, support became thin and Tsar’s popularity declined. Class 7 History Chapter 2 Question Answers. Communist Party. The international position of the Soviet Union became much better than the previous time and it became one of the super powers of the world. Hence, within a few years Russia emerged as a powerful industrial state. The Tsar had thrown Russia into the First World War to fulfil his imperialistic desires. (a) The war was initially popular, and people rallied around Tsar Nicholas II. Describe reforms introduced by the Russian Tsar Nicholas II after the Revolution. Answer: Question 11. Question 17. Lenin’s early measures were. When they launched an agitation, they were fired by the police. Make two lists: one with the main events and the effects of the February Revolution and the other with the main events and effects of the October Revolution. After 1917, the industries were nationalised and the dream of workers was fulfilled. Communist Governments were established in many European countries. Explain the main demands of “April Theses”. Question 1. Who controlled economic and social powers before the 18th century in France? Differentiate between the ideas of the liberals and radicals in Europe. NCERT Class 9 Civics Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers What is Democracy? The Russian as well as the foreign capitalist industrialists exploited the workers by taking 12-14 hours of work and paying very low wages to them. How did the 1905 Revolution in Russia prove to be a dress rehearsal of October 1917 Revolution ? Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. He tightened press censorship and ordered the arrest of all suspected persons who opposed the rule. Answer: Alexander III , to avenge his father’s murder, let loose the reign of oppression. Which event in Russian history is known as Bloody Sunday ? Which incident sparked the French Revolution? All Russian Congress of Soviets became the Parliament of the country. The Tsar dismissed the first 2 Dumas very quickly because he did not want his authority and powers to be questioned. The disastrous defeat in the Far East culminated in the outbreak of riots in the cities and district towns. The uprising began on 24th October 1917. Question 1. Russian industries were very few and the country was cut off from other suppliers of industrial goods by German control of the Baltic Sea. Question 23. What was the global impact of the Russian Revolution ? Answer: Question 8. The three demands were : Design in accordance with the latest revised CBSE syllabus as well as examination pattern, this Solution aid students in getting higher marks in the exam. Better living and working conditions, Question 6. By the winter of 1916, riots at bread shops were common. Question 15. Private property in the means of production was abolished. In April 1917, the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin returned to Russia from his exile. When did Lenin die, and who succeed him? Nazism and the Rise of Hitler. Soldiers committees were formed in the Army. Most of the Bolshevik leaders believed that a series of revolutions will sweep other countries of the world along with revolution in Russia. Answer: Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in ________ . The Tsar dismissed the first Duma within 75 days and re-elected the second Duma within three months. The bad condition of women responsible for Russian Revolution because : Question 13. The Socialist Ideas of the mid 19th century are as follows: Question 5. Kolkhoz and Sovkhoj farms were established. Here You Will Find All Solved Question Answers From NCERT History India and the Contemporary World I Textbook For Class IX From All Chapters. TopperLearning provides expert solutions for various types of exercise questions in your NCERT book. Answer: 1898 by Socialists. Question 1. all were declared as government property and the property of the Church was nationalised. By the end of the month, the city was under the control of committee and ministers had resigned. Lenin believed that without this status these people could never become real Russians. Xam Idea Class 9 History India and The Contemporary World I Chapter 2 Short Answer Questions Solutions is a complete exam preparation textbook for senior secondary classes. He tried to suppress the workers movement and the Balshevik influence. Answer: His wife and a number of nobles were killed. (a) The liberals did not believe in universal franchise. Answer: Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers Pdf free download. In what ways was the working population in Russia different from other countries in Europe, before … But many artists were unhappy because of the censorship. He moved to see the tyranny of old practices that were deeply rooted in Indian society. They believed that the only cause of this defeat was the government of Tsar which had failed to carry out war properly. Question 1. Minimum wages and limited hours of work, Question 9. Answer: Bolshevik supporters in the Army, Soviets and factories were brought together. Russia became a one-party state. Many experiments were done in Arts and Architecture. Question 7. Only in such a radically socialist society the workers would be freed from the capitalist exploitation. Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs): 1. Many young artists and writers continued to support the Party as it stood for Socialism. On 9th January, 1905 a mass of peaceful workers with their wives and children was fired at St. Petersburg while on its way to the Winter Palace to present a petition to the Tsar. Nicholas II (1894 –1917) Question 14. Alexander began his regime as a liberal but was later influenced by the staunch reactionary. 1. Capitalist, Question 5. The rapid growth in towns also caused problems in housing and sanitation. Question 16. The Russian people began to oppose the Tsar. Chapter 2 – Kinematics Chapter 3 – Dynamics Chapter 4 – Turning Effect of Forces Chapter 5 – Gravitation Chapter 6 – Work & Energy Chapter 7 – Properties of Matter Chapter 8 – Thermal Properties of Matter Chapter 9 – Transfer of Heat 9th class students face issues when it involves finding the physics notes for 9th class. Due to the lengthy portion, TopperLearning experts have emphasised on questions that are most relevant and frequently asked in the board question papers from NCERT. When the towns faced acute shortage of grains, Kulaks were thought to be responsible behind it. The news provoked unprecedented disturbances throughout Russia. More than a hundred workers were killed and about 300 were wounded. On February 22, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank. (c) Radicals were not against the existence of private property but disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. Since they were declared illegal. Workers were divided based on their skills. On February 27, Police headquarters were ransacked, people were demonstrating and raising slogans about bread, wages, better hours and democracy. Question 15. (c) Socialism As the conflict between the provisional government and the Bolsheviks grew, Lenin feared the Provisional Government would set up a dictatorship. He favoured the workers. He drew up a programme by which the serfs became free and owned plots of agricultural land. The circumstances which were responsible for the Russian Revolution as given below : Question 2. The chapter-wise multiple choice questions from Class 9 Geography will help you in understanding and checking your knowledge about the chapter. Answer: Liberals and revolutionaries were kept out. CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 2 New Kings and Kingdoms is given below in Hindi and English Medium updated format for session 2020-21. The Bolshevik government ‘granted freedom to all its colonies immediately after coming to power. After completing his education, he joined the Communist Revolutionary Party and started spreading revolutionary ideas among the workers. The people of the higher strata enjoyed great privileges. (a) Marx believed that the conditions of workers could not improve if profit was accumulated by private capitalists. The farmers could not get even two square meals a day. The Social Democratic Party was most radical in its character. Answer: Question 18. The economic and military power of the Soviet Union was enhanced rapidly. Question 11. The Russian peasantry was in a miserable condition. Stalin thought it was necessary to eliminate them so that farms could be modernised. Thousands of ill-equipped and untrained peasants were sent to the war front only to get killed by the highly trained German troops. Their land holdings were very small and they had to pay heavy taxes. 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The conservatives believed in respect for the past and change through a gradual process. Land committees were formed to handle redistribution of land, which was a popular demand for peasants and their socialist revolutionary leaders in the countryside. Your email address will not be published. He advocated a cooperative community called New Harmony in Indiana (USA). The global impact of the Russian Revolution were : Question 7. It was the demand of the revolutionaries that Russia should withdraw from the war. Answer: Cultivators produced for the market as well as for their own needs and Russia was a major exporter of grain. They were not in favour of giving women the right to vote and they wanted only men with property to vote. All the banks, industries and mines . Russia’s armies lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. By taking online test of NCERT Class 9 Geography Textbook, you will be able to have deep understanding of that chapter. 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